Meteor is a space rock or meteoroid’s that enter Earth’s atmosphere. A meteor is a celestial event in which a number of meteors are observed to radiate, or originate, from one point in the sky. These meteors are caused by streams of cosmic debris called meteoroids earth’s atmosphere at extremely high speeds on parallel trajectories. As the space rock falls toward Earth, the resistance or drag of the air on the rock makes it extremely hot. What we see is a “shooting star.” That bright streak is not actually the rock, but rather the glowing hot air as the hot rock zips through the atmosphere. When Earth encounters many meteoroids at earth, we call at a meteor shower. Most meteors are smaller than a grain of sand, so almost all of them disintegrate and never hit the Earth’s surface. In most years, the most visible meteor shower is the Perseid’s, which peak on 12 August of each year at over one meteor per minute. Meteors are also known as shooting stars. They look like a streak of light shooting across the night sky. Meteor Showers are astronomical events that captured by the skywatchers around the world.


  Meteor showers are caused by the earth passing through the debris tail left behind a comet or asteroid. Although the earth’s orbit around the sun is almost circular, most comets come travel in orbits that are highly elongated ellipses. They enter our atmosphere at speed up to 71 km/h.

  • Comet debris
  • Orbital’s path
  • Earth’s orbit intersects debris trails.
  • Atmospheric entry
  • Radiant point

TYPES OF METEOR SHOWER:                                        

  • PERESID’S (COMBET SWIFT-TUTTLE)– The Perseids are one of the most well-known meteor showers, occurring annually in August. They are associated with the debris trail left by Comet Swift-Tuttle.
  • GEMENIDS (ASTEROID 3200 Phaethon)– The Geminids are unique among those meteor showers. They occur annually in mid- December and offer the best meteor shower show. They associated with 3200 Phaethon and about 120 meteors fall each hour at 22 miles per second.
  • QUARDRANTIS (ASTEROID OR ROCK COMET 2003 EH1)- The Quadrants are associated with an asteroid or rock comet named 2003 EH1. Provide a specular view, especially from the northern hemisphere at early January.
  • LYRIDS (COMET C/1861 G1 THATCHER)- The Lyrids are associated with 1861 G1 thatcher and active in the month of April. This shower also known as occasional outbursts. These showers observed over 2700 years by astronomers.
  • URISIDS (COMET 8P/TUTTLE)- The Ursids are associated with Comet 8P/Tuttle and peak in December. This shower is modest in intensity.
  • LEONIDS (COMET TEMPEL-TURTEL)– The Leonids are associated with Comet Tempel-Tuttle and are known for producing occasional meteor storms. The shower typically peaks in November.
  • ORIONIDS (COMET HALLEY)– The Orionids are associated with Halley’s Comet and peak in October. They are known for their fast and bright meteors.


  • Choose the right time.
  • Check the moon phase.
  • Find dark location.
  • Give your eyes time to adjust.
  • Avoid flashlights or phone lights.
  • Know the radiant point.
  • Use peripheral vision.
  • Take proper instrument.
  • Knowledge of Constellations

THE “RADIANT” OF A METEOR SHOWER:                                                                                                                    All of the meteors in a meteor shower come from the same direction in space. From the ground, they appear to radiate from single location in the sky, called the radiant. It’s like driving your car through a tunnel: some parts of the tunnel pass on your left, or right, over head or beneath the car. In this case the “radiant” would be “straight ahead.” Meteor showers are named for the constellation from which they appear to radiate. For example, the “Geminids” appear to originate in the constellation Gemini.


Witnessing of a meteor shower is an experience that connects us to the wideness of the universe and the dynamic interplay of celestial bodies. As streams of meteors streak across the night sky, the spectacle serves as a reminder of the ongoing cosmic dance in our solar system. The origin of meteor showers is linked to comets and asteroids, celestial bodies that leave behind debris as they journey through space.

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